336 ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAL NAMES. for its fir?r element. This Is not an uncommon name for a Hindu, and its m^5t obviTas :iieani!n£ *.vouM be c a marvgoM.' So taken it would find a pini'Iel ::i -neh pro;-or names as Gu«ib, i a ro?r> J ; Tulsi, the sacred herb so ea!>}i ; Phul, va rlv.ver' ; and Pnhap, for tlif1 Sanskrit pusfip, with the same nieinin£« It may, however,' be doubted whether it did not In the first instance rep resent rather tire Hindi ijwn'lz. fur mjendra^ £ an elephant. * Besides pre- ^erving th^ naiii'j of th^ Tillage fuander, the term Gendokliar-kund is curious in another respect, as showing a complete popular forget fulness of the mean- ing of the termination okhnr at the time when the word kund with precisely the -same iraport wa> ridded. English topography supplies a case exactly in point; for lTar4-:jcckwa:^r is composed of three words3 which all mean exact- ly the sam* thins-, but were current in popular speech at different times, being respectivc-Iv Danish. German, and English, But to return to Gindoi, which we liave found to be a compound word with Genda for its first element, the termination m yet remains to be considered. I take it to be rdpi, f a pond.* la oonf.rmativn of this view it is worthy of note that in the Ghiror pargana of the 3Ia:n^uri district there is a "village called 02", pur et- simple^ surrounded on three sides by the river ArinJ, which in the rains becomes at that particular spot an enormous and almost stagnant sheet of water.* For such a place vdpi \vonld lie a highly appropriate name^ and for the transition from vdpi to oai na- thing is re. mired beyond the elision of the p and change of v into its cognate vowel Prefixing Genda, we have Genda-oai, Gendavai, and finally Gindoi | o Lein^ sul'sitnted for a?/, and i for ai, by the following Sutras of Vararachij ^i?/to ot I. 41, and I'I illiaiff'i/e I, 3D. The latter rale, it is true, refers strictly only to the word t!Jtanya: which becomes dhiram in Prakrit, but it seams not unreasonable to give It a wider application. The above line of argument would command un- qualified a??ont if It could Le shown that each of the places with the oi ending was In the neighbourhood of some considerable pond. There is such a one at Man- elm, called Acharya-kund ; and Bahardoi, founded at an early period by Tha- kurs from Chitorj who only about 30 years ago lost their proprietary rights and and now have all migrated elsewhere, is a"place subject to yearly inundations, as il immediately adjoins some low ground where a large body of water is always collected in the rains. Radoi I have never had an opportunity of seeing^ and therefore cannot say whether its physical cllaracteristics confirm or are at variance with my theory: bat at Majhoi, which is a Gnjar village on the bank of the Jamnna? there is certainly no vestige of any large pond? which * Fos: &« mrlom fact BO strikingly illnstrallre of my theory, I am indebted to Mr. McGo- who conducted tbelaifc Belfiemmt of the Maiapw! district.